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Funds for enteralnogo and parenteral nutrition
The groupThis team is used to be customary feeding patients. Nutrients can be imposed through special tubes (enteralnoe feeding), or in the form of solutions (dropped). In some pathological conditions (occlusion oesophagus, the intake of soft, heavy intoxication, etc.) operations in the stomach and leg, etc. there is a need for a Injecting products primarily protein nature. Injecting a protein can lead, but the sensitivity to the development of arginine with repeated injections. These complications are not using the mixture of individual amino acids. Amino unlike proteins do not have the species and tissue specificity and are not formed antibodies. At the same time, they provide organism with proteins. By parenteralnomu nutrition are some plazmozameshchate solutions (when it is added energy substances, glucose, amino acids, etc.). Along with the delivery of essential nutrients they increase circulating plasma regulate vodno-elektrolitny balance and KHS, and are therefore, primarily for the treatment and prevention of shock different origins, AD normalization and improvement gemodinamicakih indicators. Typically, plazmozamestiteli contain substances with a relatively high molecular weight close to the molecular mass of blood albumin, and the introduction of current long-term blood circulating in the blood line, maintaining the required level AD. The representative of this group is poligliukin plazmozamenitel-containing polymer solution of glucose-dextran. Acid may have varying degrees of polymerization and the different molecular mass; it can be obtained by krovezameshchate (plazmozameshchate) solutions of various functional purposes.
Solutions containing acid with relative molecular mass of about 60,000, are used as gemodinamicakih funds and the lower molecular weight (30,000 - 40,000) as a means of detoxification. Latest to restore blood flow in small capillaries, reduces agregatia uniform of blood. With the current blood they increase onkoticescoe pressure and the increased movement of the fluid in the tissues into the blood, increase diurez and vdelacy kidneys to detoxification processes. Representative detoxification solutions containing acid is reopoligliukin. As detoxification and gemodinamicakih funds along with dextran drugs are also used other polymeric substances with a relatively high molecular weight (polivinilpirrolidon, polyvinylalcohol, gelatin, etc.).
Widespread use as a detoxification solutions, as well as solutions used in the regulation vodno-elektrolitnogo and acid-base equilibrium and have isotonic solution of sodium chloride and other salts solution.