Directory → Neurotropic funds → Anaesthetic means
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The groupFor general anesthesia (narcosis, or general anesthesia), in modern anesthesiology using various drugs. Depending on the physico-chemical properties and the application of their necks and 73.21 neingalip.
By means of inhalation narcosis include a number of easily vanish (methane), liquids (ftorotan, broadcast for narcosis), and gaseous substances (mainly nitrous oxide). In view of the good properties narcotizirutmi and security (not ignite and explosive) fluorinated hydrocarbons, especially ftorotan, have found widespread application in anesthesiological practice driving previously used R22, and will be limited to the use of ether for narcosis. Lost importance as a means of chloroform narcosis.
By means of neingaltingo narcosis include barbiturates (sodium thiopental), and nebarbiturove drugs (ketamina hydrochloride, propanidid, etc.).
To give anaesthesia (induction) increasingly applying neingalip drugs (barbiturates, etc.) imposed intravenously or intramuscularly, and the anaesthesia are inhalants or neingalimi means to narcosis. The anaesthesia can be odnocomponentnam a simple (mononarkoz), or multi-combined. Induction anaesthesia may also be relevant concentrations for inhalation narcosis (nitrous oxide mixed with oxygen, etc.).
In preparation for the operation premedikation involving a patient offering, analgeticeskih, holinoliticakih, cardiovascular and other drugs. These funds are used to reduce the negative impact on the organism emotional stress prior to the operation, and to prevent possible side effects, related infections and operational intervention (reflex reaction of hemodynamics, increased secreting glands respiratory tract, etc.). Premedikation facilitates narcosis : perhaps decreasing doses or used for narcosis means less expressed phase initiation, etc.
During narcosis and when leaving the area also use analgesics, muscle relaxants (or dekurarizirute means), cardiovascular drugs, etc. contributing to the perpetuation of the organism on the physiological level.
In recent years, for general anesthesia widely used intravenous different combinations of neurotropic funds seeking so-called balanced diseases without using traditional inhalation for narcosis. One of the methods of this type of pain, based on the application of doses (droperidol), in combination with analgetikami (fentanyl, promedol etc.), is neiroleptanalgesia (NLA). Another multi-method ataralgesia or trankvilanalgesia also provides for the use of analgesics (fentanyl, trimeperidin etc.), combined with tranquilizers (diazepam, or fenazepam etc.), sodium okshibutiratom, holinolitikami (atropine, metazin), and other drugs.
One of the methods of general anesthesia is the introduction of narcotic analgesics (morphine or other) in the spinal canal.